The EV-STS mission space has five primary research thrust areas:
- Electrified Vehicle Powertrains
- Conventional Powertrains and Alternative Fuels
- Non-Powertrain Vehicle Systems Optimization
- Efficient/Sustainable Autonomous Vehicl
- Transportation Systems and Infrastructure
Specific topics addressed in the EV-STS project portfolio will depend on final center funding levels, industrial preferences, and priorities established as part of the center’s technology roadmap.
Electrified Vehicle Powertrains (EVP) Components and systems for advanced hybrid-electric and electric vehicles, including advanced batteries, traction motors, and power electronics. Automotive fuel cell systems. Packaging and thermal management.
Conventional Powertrains and Alternative Fuels (CPF) Mechanical and thermodynamic efficiency improvements in internal combustion engines, high pressure CI fuel systems, alternative fuels (including LNG/CNG), emissions control, engine/power train control systems, integration of conventional powertrains with launch-assist and idle-free operation technologies. Waste heat/power utilization.
Non-Powertrain Vehicle Systems Optimization (VSO) Architecture-level optimization. Advanced materials for structural weight reduction. Loss minimization through reduction of component friction, aerodynamic drag, rolling resistance, and thermal losses. Manufacturing technologies for efficient/sustainable vehicles.
Efficient/Sustainable Autonomous Vehicles (AUV) Fifth generation (5G) telematics and emerging powertrain, sensor, and communication technologies for different SAE driver automation levels. Integration of autonomous vehicles into existing ground transportation networks. Reliability and security. Impact of automation on powertrain, running gear and body architectures.
Transportation Systems and Infrastructure (TSI) Infrastructure characterization and optimization of integrated, multi-modal transportation and energy systems for enhanced efficiency and sustainability. Incorporation of ground vehicle efficiency/sustainability considerations into urban planning and decision-making. Plug-in vehicle infrastructure, including charging station technologies and the impact of plug-in vehicles on the electrical grid. Operational conditions (weather, population density, grid characteristics, public policy imperatives, etc.) impacting the deployment of energy efficient vehicles and transportation systems.